Set value to mocked object but get null



I have a simple class Foo to be mocked:

public class Foo {
   private String name;
   public Foo() {
   }
   public Foo(String name) {
     this.name = name;
   }

   public void setName(String name) {
     this.name = name;
   }
   public String getName() {
     return name;
   }
}

In my unit test code, I mock it by using Mockito.

Foo mockedFoo = Mockito.mock(Foo.class);
mockedFoo.setName("test");
// name is null
String name = mockedFoo.getName();

I set name in mocked object, but when I call getter to get the name it returns null.

Is it a Mockito specific issue or is it an convention that mocked object can’t set value? Why is that? What is happening underneath with mocked object?

Answer

Well yes – the actual code of Foo doesn’t matter, because you’re mocking it… and Mockito doesn’t know there’s meant to be a relationship between setName and getName. It doesn’t assume that it should store the argument to setName and return it when getName is called… it could do that, but it doesn’t as far as I’m aware. The mock provided by Mockito just allows you to specify what happens when methods are called on it, and check what was called later on. Instead of calling setName, you could mock a call to getName() and specify what it should return…

… or you could just use Foo directly instead of mocking it. Don’t think you have to mock everything in your tests. Just mock (or fake) things that are awkward when you’re using the real class, e.g. because it uses the file system or network.



Source: stackoverflow