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org.openqa.selenium.ElementClickInterceptedException: element click intercepted error using Selenium and Java in headless mode

I have a project that I am working on with java and selenium. the test work OK in UI mode. However in headless mode I get this error

org.openqa.selenium.ElementClickInterceptedException: element click intercepted: Element <label _ngcontent-yrc-c26="" formcontrolname="reportingDealPermission" nz-checkbox="" class="ant-checkbox-wrapper ng-untouched ng-pristine ng-valid" ng-reflect-name="reportingDealPermission">...</label> is not clickable at point (161, 562). Other element would receive the click: <div _ngcontent-yrc-c26="" class="footer">...</div>

how can I resolve this issue (working in UI mode). this is my code

WebDriver driver = getWebDriver();
        WebElement element;
        Thread.sleep(60000);
        element = driver.findElement(By.xpath("//label[@formcontrolname='reportingDealPermission']"));
        element.click();

why in selenium there is no operation to move to the element and break all layers. this is the UI. this is working in UI mode not working in headless mode, made sleep for 6 minutes and not resolved so this is not time issue

enter image description here

Answer

This error message…

org.openqa.selenium.ElementClickInterceptedException: element click intercepted: Element <label _ngcontent-yrc-c26="" formcontrolname="reportingDealPermission" nz-checkbox="" class="ant-checkbox-wrapper ng-untouched ng-pristine ng-valid" ng-reflect-name="reportingDealPermission">...</label> is not clickable at point (161, 562). Other element would receive the click: <div _ngcontent-yrc-c26="" class="footer">...</div>

…implies that the click on the desired element was intercepted by some other element.


Clicking an element

Ideally, while invoking click() on any element you need to induce WebDriverWait for the elementToBeClickable() and you can use either of the following Locator Strategies:

  • cssSelector:

    new WebDriverWait(getWebDriver(), 10).until(ExpectedConditions.elementToBeClickable(By.cssSelector("label[formcontrolname=reportingDealPermission][ng-reflect-name=reportingDealPermission]"))).click();
    
  • xpath:

    new WebDriverWait(getWebDriver(), 10).until(ExpectedConditions.elementToBeClickable(By.xpath("//label[@formcontrolname='reportingDealPermission' and @ng-reflect-name='reportingDealPermission']"))).click();
    

Update

After changing to headless if it still doesn’t works and still get exception there still a couple of other measures to consider as follows:

  • Chrome browser in Headless mode doesn’t opens in maximized mode. So you have to use either of the following commands/arguments to maximize the headless browser Viewport:

    • Adding the argument start-maximized

      ChromeOptions options = new ChromeOptions();
      options.addArguments("--headless");
      options.addArguments("start-maximized");
      WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver(options);
      
    • Adding the argument --window-size

      ChromeOptions options = new ChromeOptions();
      options.addArguments("--headless");
      options.addArguments("--window-size=1400,600");
      WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver(options);
      
    • Using setSize()

      ChromeOptions options = new ChromeOptions();
      options.addArguments("--headless");
      WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver(options);
      driver.manage().window().setSize(new Dimension(1440, 900));
      

You can find a detailed discussion in Not able to maximize Chrome Window in headless mode

  • Additionally, you can also wait for the intercept element to be invisible using the ExpectedConditions invisibilityOfElementLocated before attempting the click() as follows:

    • cssSelector:

      new WebDriverWait(getWebDriver(), 10).until(ExpectedConditions.invisibilityOfElementLocated(By.cssSelector("div.footer")));
      new WebDriverWait(getWebDriver(), 10).until(ExpectedConditions.elementToBeClickable(By.cssSelector("label[formcontrolname=reportingDealPermission][ng-reflect-name=reportingDealPermission]"))).click();
      
    • xpath:

      new WebDriverWait(getWebDriver(), 10).until(ExpectedConditions.invisibilityOfElementLocated(By.xpath("//div[@class='footer']")));
      new WebDriverWait(getWebDriver(), 10).until(ExpectedConditions.elementToBeClickable(By.xpath("//label[@formcontrolname='reportingDealPermission' and @ng-reflect-name='reportingDealPermission']"))).click();
      

References

You can find a couple of related relevant discussions in: