How to create and run Apache JMeter Test Scripts from a Java program?

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I want to use the API provided by Apache JMeter to create and run test scripts from a Java program. I have understood the basics of ThreadGroup and Samplers. I can create those in my Java class by using the JMeter API.

ThreadGroup threadGroup = new ThreadGroup();
    LoopController lc = new LoopController();
    lc.setLoops(5);
    lc.setContinueForever(true);
    threadGroup.setSamplerController(lc);
    threadGroup.setNumThreads(5);
    threadGroup.setRampUp(1);

HTTPSampler sampler = new HTTPSampler();
    sampler.setDomain("localhost");
    sampler.setPort(8080);
    sampler.setPath("/jpetstore/shop/viewCategory.shtml");
    sampler.setMethod("GET");

    Arguments arg = new Arguments();
    arg.addArgument("categoryId", "FISH");

    sampler.setArguments(arg);

However, I am not getting any idea on how to create a test script combining the thread group and sampler and then execute it from the same program. Any ideas?

Answer

If I understand correctly, you want to run an entire test plan programmatically from within a Java program. Personally, I find it easier to create a test plan .JMX file and run it in JMeter non-GUI mode 🙂

Here is a simple Java example based on the controller and sampler used in the original question.

import org.apache.jmeter.control.LoopController;
import org.apache.jmeter.engine.StandardJMeterEngine;
import org.apache.jmeter.protocol.http.sampler.HTTPSampler;
import org.apache.jmeter.testelement.TestElement;
import org.apache.jmeter.testelement.TestPlan;
import org.apache.jmeter.threads.SetupThreadGroup;
import org.apache.jmeter.util.JMeterUtils;
import org.apache.jorphan.collections.HashTree;

public class JMeterTestFromCode {

    public static void main(String[] args){
        // Engine
        StandardJMeterEngine jm = new StandardJMeterEngine();
        // jmeter.properties
        JMeterUtils.loadJMeterProperties("c:/tmp/jmeter.properties");

        HashTree hashTree = new HashTree();     

        // HTTP Sampler
        HTTPSampler httpSampler = new HTTPSampler();
        httpSampler.setDomain("www.google.com");
        httpSampler.setPort(80);
        httpSampler.setPath("/");
        httpSampler.setMethod("GET");

        // Loop Controller
        TestElement loopCtrl = new LoopController();
        ((LoopController)loopCtrl).setLoops(1);
        ((LoopController)loopCtrl).addTestElement(httpSampler);
        ((LoopController)loopCtrl).setFirst(true);

        // Thread Group
        SetupThreadGroup threadGroup = new SetupThreadGroup();
        threadGroup.setNumThreads(1);
        threadGroup.setRampUp(1);
        threadGroup.setSamplerController((LoopController)loopCtrl);

        // Test plan
        TestPlan testPlan = new TestPlan("MY TEST PLAN");

        hashTree.add("testPlan", testPlan);
        hashTree.add("loopCtrl", loopCtrl);
        hashTree.add("threadGroup", threadGroup);
        hashTree.add("httpSampler", httpSampler);       

        jm.configure(hashTree);

        jm.run();
    }
}

Dependencies

These are the bare mininum JARs required based on JMeter 2.9 and the HTTPSampler used. Other samplers will most likely have different library JAR dependencies.

  • ApacheJMeter_core.jar
  • jorphan.jar
  • avalon-framework-4.1.4.jar
  • ApacheJMeter_http.jar
  • commons-logging-1.1.1.jar
  • logkit-2.0.jar
  • oro-2.0.8.jar
  • commons-io-2.2.jar
  • commons-lang3-3.1.jar

Note

  • I also hardwired the path to jmeter.properties in c:tmp on Windows after first copying it from the JMeter installation /bin directory.
  • I wasn’t sure how to set a forward proxy for the HTTPSampler.


Source: stackoverflow