Encrypt password fields in mongodb

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I have following code, it insert the userName and password into database but the password is stored in plain text format. I mean when I’ll look into the db I can see the inserted password.

I want to store password in encrypted format

MongoClient client = new MongoClient("localhost",27017);
DB db = client.getDB("Test");
DBCollection collection = db.getCollection("EncryptionDemo"); 
BasicDBObject documentDetail = new BasicDBObject();
documentDetail.put("userName", "admin12");
documentDetail.put("password", "12345");
collection.insert(documentDetail);

How can I achieve this?

Answer

According to the conversation in the comments, what you mean is hashing passwords, not encrypting passwords. You usually would do this with a salt to prevent a rainbow table attack. Storing passwords as salted hashes is the best practice standard when it comes to storing passwords in databases.

As of version 3.2, MongoDB has no native support for password hashing like some SQL databases provide, so you will have to implement it in Java.

To generate a new account or change the password of an existing account:

  1. generate a cryptographically secure random salt value with java.security.SecureRandom. This class works just like the standard random number generator java.util.Random (it’s a subclass) but trades performance for a much higher level of non-predictability which is required for a security-relevant context.
  2. Create a string by concatenating salt and password
  3. Generate a hash of that string with a cryptographically secure hash function. There are many hash functions provided by Java out-of-the-box, but you want to use one which is intentionally hard to compute to slow down an attacker with database access trying to brute-force your hashes on their local supercomputer cluster. A good candidate is the “PBKDF2WithHmacSHA1” algorithm which is supported by the javax.crypto.SecretKeyFactory class.
  4. Save the document to MongoDB with the fields username, password_hash and password_salt (plus your actual application data, of course). Do not save the original password.

To retrieve an account:

  1. Read the username_input and password_input the alleged user entered into your login form.
  2. Retrieve the document where the username matches the username_input the user provided.
  3. Get the password_salt field from that document
  4. Create a string by concatenating password_salt and password_input just like you did before.
  5. Generate a hash of that string with the same cryptographically secure hash function.
  6. Compare the hash with the password_hash field of the document. When it matches, the user entered the correct password.

You could alternatively only retrieve the password_hash and password_salt fields of the document and not load the rest before the user is authenticated, but I would assume that in the real world it will cause more load than it would save. Successful logins will usually greatly outnumber the unsuccessful ones, unless you have an attacker who tries to brute-force an account. And in that case you would block the attacker with fail2ban or another login-limiting mechanism.



Source: stackoverflow