Toast Message is not created when message received at Java Websocket server in Android

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I am trying to create basic WebSocket server with this library. I want to make a toast message when a message is received. In onMessage() function below I have implemented that. But no toast message is happening.

But Received message is printed on console.

        WebSocketServer ws = new WebSocketServer(new InetSocketAddress(3000)) {

        @Override
        public void onOpen(WebSocket conn, ClientHandshake handshake) {
            conn.send("Hello world");
        }

        @Override
        public void onClose(WebSocket conn, int code, String reason, boolean remote) {

        }

        @Override
        public void onMessage(WebSocket conn, String message) {
            System.out.println("Recieved: "+message);
            Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "Recieved: " + message, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }

        @Override
        public void onError(WebSocket conn, Exception ex) {

        }

        @Override
        public void onStart() {

        }
    };
    ws.start();
}

Answer

I think you have to switch to the UI thread to show the Toast.

You can try using a Handler:

new Handler(Looper.getMainLooper()).post(new Runnable() {
    public void run() {
        Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "Received: " + message, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
    }
});

Or calling runOnUiThread:

runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {
    @Override
    public void run() {
        Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "Received: " + message, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
    }
});

Or broadcasting the message:

@Override
public void onMessage(WebSocket conn, String message) {
    System.out.println("Recieved: "+message);

    Intent intent = new Intent("msgReceived");
    intent.putExtra("message", message);
    LocalBroadcastManager.getInstance(this).sendBroadcast(intent);
}

And registering a BroadcastReceiver in your Activity:

private BroadcastReceiver mMessageReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
    @Override
    public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
        String message = intent.getExtras().getString("message");
        Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "Received: " + message, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
    }
};

@Override
protected void onStart() {
    super.onStart();
    LocalBroadcastManager.getInstance(this).registerReceiver(mMessageReceiver, new IntentFilter("msgReceived"));

@Override
protected void onStop() {
    LocalBroadcastManager.getInstance(this).unregisterReceiver(mMessageReceiver);
    super.onStop();
}


Source: stackoverflow