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Splitting strings through regular expressions by punctuation and whitespace etc in java

I have this text file that I read into a Java application and then count the words in it line by line. Right now I am splitting the lines into words by a

String.split([\p{Punct}\s+])"

But I know I am missing out on some words from the text file. For example, the word “can’t” should be divided into two words “can” and “t”.

Commas and other punctuation should be completely ignored and considered as whitespace. I have been trying to understand how to form a more precise Regular Expression to do this but I am a novice when it comes to this so I need some help.

What could be a better regex for the purpose I have described?

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Answer

You have one small mistake in your regex. Try this:

String[] Res = Text.split("[\p{Punct}\s]+");

[\p{Punct}\s]+ move the + form inside the character class to the outside. Other wise you are splitting also on a + and do not combine split characters in a row.

So I get for this code

String Text = "But I know. For example, the word "can't" should";

String[] Res = Text.split("[\p{Punct}\s]+");
System.out.println(Res.length);
for (String s:Res){
    System.out.println(s);
}

this result

10
But
I
know
For
example
the
word
can
t
should

Which should meet your requirement.

As an alternative you can use

String[] Res = Text.split("\P{L}+");

\P{L} means is not a unicode code point that has the property “Letter”

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