How to handle UsernameNotFoundException spring security

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How to handle UsernameNotFoundException ?

In spring security when username not found the UserDetailsService implementation throws a UsernameNotFoundException. For example like this:

   @Override
   @Transactional
   public UserDetails loadUserByUsername(java.lang.String username) throws UsernameNotFoundException {
       logger.info("Load user by username: {}", username);
       User user = userRepository.findUserByUsername(username).orElseThrow(
                   () -> new UsernameNotFoundException("User Not Found with -> username or email: " + username));

       return UserPrinciple.build(user);
   }

I would like to build a custom “User not found REST response”. How should I catch/handle this exception? I have implemented a handler method in the WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter implementation the handler:

  private static void handleException(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse rsp, AuthenticationException e)
           throws IOException {
       PrintWriter writer = rsp.getWriter();
       writer.println(new ObjectMapper().writeValueAsString(new AuthResponse("", null, null, null, null,
               "Authentication failed.", false)));
       rsp.setStatus(HttpServletResponse.SC_UNAUTHORIZED);
   }

But this method should wait for an AuthenticationException exception which, and during runtime the type of the exception is java.lang.NullPointerException so I’m not able to cast or retrieve the the initial UsernameNotFoundException.

Any advice would be appreciated. Many many regards :).

Answer

Security layer comes before anything in the controllers and @ControllerAdvice. Hence @ControllerAdvice isn’t an option since UsernameNotFoundException which is a subclass of AuthenticationException is thrown during authenticaton, making your exception handlers in @ControllerAdvice unreachable.

You can only use @ControllerAdvice and ResponseEntityExceptionHandler if you are throwing UsernameNotFoundException inside controller or any others beans referenced from the controllers.

Here is my suggestion – that you implement AuthenticationFailureHandler and use it with AuthenticationFilter that you are using for your security configuration. Spring boot security comes with about 4 handler interfaces for security related issues

  1. AccessDeniedHandler – this handles issues like when a user not having required roles.
  2. AuthenticationEntryPoint – this handles issues like when a user tries to access a resource without appropriate authentication elements.

  3. AuthenticationFailureHandler – this handles issues like when a user is not found(i.e. UsernameNotFoundException) or other exceptions thrown inside authentication provider. In fact, this handles other authentication exceptions that are not handled by AccessDeniedException and AuthenticationEntryPoint.

  4. AuthenticationSuccessHandler – this helps to do stuff like redirection after a user is successfully authenticated.

See the following example snippets for the implementation of all the 4 interfaces. Please customize these to your taste.

  1. AccessDeniedHandler implementation
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
import org.springframework.security.access.AccessDeniedException;
import org.springframework.security.web.access.AccessDeniedHandler;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.OutputStream;

@Component
public class RestAccessDeniedHandler implements AccessDeniedHandler {

    @Override
    public void handle(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, AccessDeniedException e) throws IOException, ServletException {

        Map<String,Object> response = new HashMap<>();
        response.put("status","34");
        response.put("message","unauthorized api access");

        //httpServletResponse.setStatus(HttpServletResponse.SC_FORBIDDEN);
        httpServletResponse.setStatus(HttpServletResponse.SC_UNAUTHORIZED);
        OutputStream out = httpServletResponse.getOutputStream();
        ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
        mapper.writerWithDefaultPrettyPrinter().writeValue(out,response);
        //mapper.writeValue(out, response);

        out.flush();
    }
}
  1. AuthenticationEntryPoint Implementation
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
import org.springframework.http.HttpStatus;
import org.springframework.security.core.AuthenticationException;
import org.springframework.security.web.AuthenticationEntryPoint;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.OutputStream;

@Component
public class RestAuthenticationEntryPoint implements AuthenticationEntryPoint {

    @Override
    public void commence(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, AuthenticationException e) throws IOException, ServletException {

        Map<String,Object> response = new HashMap<>();
        response.put("status","34");
        response.put("message","unauthorized access");
        httpServletResponse.setStatus(HttpServletResponse.SC_UNAUTHORIZED);
        OutputStream out = httpServletResponse.getOutputStream();
        ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
        mapper.writerWithDefaultPrettyPrinter().writeValue(out, response);
        out.flush();
    }
}
  1. AuthenticationFailureHandler implementation
package com.ibiller.webservices.security;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
import org.springframework.http.HttpStatus;
import org.springframework.security.core.AuthenticationException;
import org.springframework.security.web.authentication.AuthenticationFailureHandler;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.OutputStream;


@Component
public class RestAuthenticationFailureHandler implements AuthenticationFailureHandler
{
    @Override
    public void onAuthenticationFailure(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse,
                                        AuthenticationException ex) throws IOException, ServletException
    {

        Map<String,Object> response = new HashMap<>();
        response.put("status","34");
        response.put("message","unauthorized access");

        httpServletResponse.setStatus(HttpServletResponse.SC_UNAUTHORIZED);
        OutputStream out = httpServletResponse.getOutputStream();
        ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
        mapper.writerWithDefaultPrettyPrinter().writeValue(out, response);
        out.flush();
    }
}
  1. AuthenticationSuccessHandler implementation
import org.springframework.security.core.Authentication;
import org.springframework.security.web.authentication.AuthenticationSuccessHandler;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.io.IOException;

@Component
public class RestSuccessHandler implements AuthenticationSuccessHandler {

    public void onAuthenticationSuccess(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, Authentication authentication) throws IOException {
        Set<String> roles = 
          AuthorityUtils.authorityListToSet(authentication.getAuthorities());
        if (roles.contains("ROLE_ADMIN")) {
            //do something
        }

    }
}

This is the Security configuration that extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter that connects everything together.

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.http.HttpStatus;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.authentication.builders.AuthenticationManagerBuilder;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.method.configuration.EnableGlobalMethodSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.builders.HttpSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.builders.WebSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.configuration.EnableWebSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.configuration.WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter;
import org.springframework.security.config.http.SessionCreationPolicy;
import org.springframework.security.web.AuthenticationEntryPoint;
import org.springframework.security.web.authentication.AnonymousAuthenticationFilter;
import org.springframework.security.web.authentication.HttpStatusEntryPoint;
import org.springframework.security.web.util.matcher.AntPathRequestMatcher;
import org.springframework.security.web.util.matcher.OrRequestMatcher;
import org.springframework.security.web.util.matcher.RequestMatcher;

@Configuration
@EnableWebSecurity
@EnableGlobalMethodSecurity(
        prePostEnabled = true,
        securedEnabled = true,
        jsr250Enabled = true)
public class SecurityConfiguration extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {


    private static final RequestMatcher PROTECTED_URLS = new OrRequestMatcher(
            new AntPathRequestMatcher("/v1/**"),new AntPathRequestMatcher("/admin/**")
    );

    AuthenticationProvider provider;

    public SecurityConfiguration(final AuthenticationProvider authenticationProvider) {
        super();
        this.provider=authenticationProvider;
    }

    @Override
    protected void configure(final AuthenticationManagerBuilder auth) {
        auth.authenticationProvider(provider);
    }


    @Override
    public void configure(final WebSecurity webSecurity) {
        webSecurity.ignoring().antMatchers("/info/**");//url that will be ignored
    }

    @Override
    public void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
        http.sessionManagement()
                .sessionCreationPolicy(SessionCreationPolicy.STATELESS)
                .and()
                .exceptionHandling()
                .accessDeniedHandler(accessDeniedHandler())
               .authenticationEntryPoint(authenticationEntryPoint())
                .and()
                .authenticationProvider(provider)
                .addFilterBefore(authenticationFilter(), AnonymousAuthenticationFilter.class)
                .authorizeRequests()
                .antMatchers("/v1/**").hasRole("API")
                .antMatchers("/admin/**").hasAnyRole("SUPER_ADMIN","ADMIN")
                .and()
                .csrf().disable()
                .formLogin().disable()
                .httpBasic().disable()
                .logout().disable();
    }

    @Bean
      AuthenticationFilter authenticationFilter() throws Exception {
        final AuthenticationFilter filter = new AuthenticationFilter(PROTECTED_URLS);
        filter.setAuthenticationManager(authenticationManager());
        filter.setAuthenticationSuccessHandler(successHandler());
        filter.setAuthenticationFailureHandler(authenticationFailureHandler());
        return filter;
    }

    @Bean
    RestAccessDeniedHandler accessDeniedHandler() {
        return new RestAccessDeniedHandler();
    }

    @Bean
    RestAuthenticationEntryPoint authenticationEntryPoint() {
        return new RestAuthenticationEntryPoint();
    }

    @Bean
    RestAuthenticationFailureHandler authenticationFailureHandler(){
        return new RestAuthenticationFailureHandler();
    }

    @Bean
    RestSuccessHandler successHandler(){
        return new RestSuccessHandler();
    }
}


Source: stackoverflow