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Dependency injection with @Inject and Interface in Quarkus

I’m trying to resolve dependency injection with Repository Pattern using Quarkus 1.6.1.Final and OpenJDK 11. I want to achieve Inject with Interface and give them some argument(like @Named or @Qualifier ) for specify the concrete class, but currently I’ve got UnsatisfiedResolutionException and not sure how to fix it.

Here is the my portion of code.

UseCase class:

public class ProductStockCheckUseCase {
    ProductStockRepository repo;

    public int checkProductStock() {
        ProductStock stock = repo.findBy("");
        return stock.getCount();

Repository Interface:

public interface ProductStockRepository {
    public ProductStock findBy(String productId);

Repository Implementation:

public class ProductStockDummyRepository implements ProductStockRepository {

    public ProductStock findBy(final String productId) {
        final ProductStock productStock = new ProductStock();
        return productStock;

And here is a portion of my build.gradle’s dependencies:

dependencies {
    implementation 'io.quarkus:quarkus-resteasy'
    implementation 'io.quarkus:quarkus-arc'
    implementation enforcedPlatform("${quarkusPlatformGroupId}:${quarkusPlatformArtifactId}:${quarkusPlatformVersion}")

    testImplementation 'io.quarkus:quarkus-junit5'
    testImplementation ''

When I run this (e.g. ./gradlew assemble or ./gradlew quarkusDev ), I’ve got the following errors:

Caused by: javax.enterprise.inject.UnsatisfiedResolutionException: Unsatisfied dependency for type ProductStockRepository and qualifiers [@Named(value = "dummy")]
        - java member: ProductStockCheckUseCase#repo
        - declared on CLASS bean [types=[ProductStockCheckUseCase, java.lang.Object], qualifiers=[@Default, @Any], target=ProductStockCheckUseCase]

Do you have any ideas how to fix this? or is it wrong idea to implement this kind of interface injection and specify the concrete class with argument/annotation?

I’ve read and tried the following articles:

Some official docs:

The other blogs and SOs:


My guess is that you need to add a scope annotation to your ProductStockDummyRepository. Probably either @Singleton or @ApplicationScoped.