Why has javax.persistence-api been replaced by jakarta.persistence-api in spring data jpa starter?

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I’ve recently started to learn spring boot, data jpa. As I can see from this, the spring boot data jpa starter uses jakarta.persistence-api instead of javax.persistence-api:

   <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>
   ...
   <dependencies>
      <dependency>
         <groupId>jakarta.persistence</groupId>
         <artifactId>jakarta.persistence-api</artifactId>
      </dependency>

      <dependency>
         <groupId>org.hibernate</groupId>
         <artifactId>hibernate-core</artifactId>
         <exclusions>
            <exclusion>
               <groupId>javax.persistence</groupId>
               <artifactId>javax.persistence-api</artifactId>
            </exclusion>
            ...
         </exclusions>
      </dependency>
   </dependencies>

What is the differences between jakarta.persistence-api and javax.persistence-api? What is the reason of this replacement?

Answer

From wikipedia:

The Java Persistence API (JPA), in 2019 renamed to Jakarta Persistence, is a Java application programming interface specification that describes the management of relational data in applications using Java Platform, Standard Edition and Java Platform, Enterprise Edition/Jakarta EE.

After Java EE was open sourced by Oracle and gave the rights to the Eclipse Foundation they were legally required to change the name from Java as Oracle has the rights over the Java brand. The name Jakarta was chosen by the community. You can find more information here and here.



Source: stackoverflow