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What’s the difference between a Future and a Promise?

What’s the difference between Future and Promise?
They both act like a placeholder for future results, but where is the main difference?

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Answer

According to this discussion, Promise has finally been called CompletableFuture for inclusion in Java 8, and its javadoc explains:

A Future that may be explicitly completed (setting its value and status), and may be used as a CompletionStage, supporting dependent functions and actions that trigger upon its completion.

An example is also given on the list:

f.then((s -> aStringFunction(s)).thenAsync(s -> ...);

Note that the final API is slightly different but allows similar asynchronous execution:

CompletableFuture<String> f = ...;
f.thenApply(this::modifyString).thenAccept(System.out::println);
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