Verify a void method was called inside a private method with EasyMock/PowerMock



I have a method that looks like this (simplification)

private boolean x = someMethodToSetTheValueOfX();

private void method(args){
        if(x){
             method1();
        }else{
             method2();
        }
}

I want to write a unit test to guarantee that when x is true, method1 is called. I know I can use PowerMock’s Whitebox to set the value of x and invoke the method, but how can I confirm that method1() was called? Note that method1() is void.

I am not allowed to use another framework (like Mockito) besides EasyMock/PowerMock.

Answer

You are getting this wrong; that is not how you should be designing your tests.

First of all: be careful about using PowerMock… frameworks. They rely on byte code manipulation; and sooner or later that calls for trouble. The only reasonable situation to user PowerMock(ito) is when you have to test legacy production code. In any other situation: change your production code so it can be tested easily.

Then: do not test your code this way!

You use a mocking framework to create/control those objects that you pass to your “class under test”. You don’t use the framework to directly test your “class under test”! More specifically: you don’t want to write test code that knows about private methods – those are implementation details.

What you do instead:

a) as said, you can use mocking to pass objects into your class under test. And then you can control/verify those mocks see the calls that you expect your “class under test” to make. So, worst case, you could put method1/2 on a different object; and then you can use mock/verify to check if they were called as expected.

b) you create objects of your “class under test” … and then “assert” on the properties of those objects; or on results that method calls return.



Source: stackoverflow