Skip to content

UNIQUE constraint failed: sqlite database : android

I am trying to insert values in table. But there is only one value inserted. I am getting an error in log cat when I am trying to insert new values.

Log cat shows :

abort at 13 in [INSERT INTO event(totalminutesfrom,dayofweek,title,location,totalminutesto,id) VALUES (?,?,?,?,?,?)]: UNIQUE constraint failed: event.id
01-24 11:34:39.764 7763-7763/com.example.siddhi.timetablelayout E/SQLiteDatabase: Error inserting totalminutesfrom=694 dayofweek=null title=qxs location=Eded & Mariz totalminutesto=0 id=0
01-24 11:34:39.764 7763-7763/com.example.siddhi.timetablelayout E/SQLiteDatabase: android.database.sqlite.SQLiteConstraintException: UNIQUE constraint failed: event.id (code 1555)
01-24 11:34:39.764 7763-7763/com.example.siddhi.timetablelayout E/SQLiteDatabase:     at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteConnection.nativeExecuteForLastInsertedRowId(Native Method)
01-24 11:34:39.764 7763-7763/com.example.siddhi.timetablelayout E/SQLiteDatabase:     at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteConnection.executeForLastInsertedRowId(SQLiteConnection.java:782)
01-24 11:34:39.764 7763-7763/com.example.siddhi.timetablelayout E/SQLiteDatabase:     at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteSession.executeForLastInsertedRowId(SQLiteSession.java:788)
01-24 11:34:39.764 7763-7763/com.example.siddhi.timetablelayout E/SQLiteDatabase:     at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteStatement.executeInsert(SQLiteStatement.java:86)
01-24 11:34:39.764 7763-7763/com.example.siddhi.timetablelayout E/SQLiteDatabase:     at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase.insertWithOnConflict(SQLiteDatabase.java:1471)
01-24 11:34:39.764 7763-7763/com.example.siddhi.timetablelayout E/SQLiteDatabase:     at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase.insert(SQLiteDatabase.java:1341)
01-24 11:34:39.764 7763-7763/com.example.siddhi.timetablelayout E/SQLiteDatabase:     at com.example.siddhi.timetablelayout.EventTableHelper.addEvent(EventTableHelper.java:76)
01-24 11:34:39.764 7763-7763/com.example.siddhi.timetablelayout E/SQLiteDatabase:     at com.example.siddhi.timetablelayout.AddEventActivity$5.onClick(AddEventActivity.java:217)

Its showing error on these two lines while inserting row.

db.insert(TABLE, null, values);

   db.addEvent(new EventData(eventTitle,dayOfWeek,totalMinutesFrom, totalMinutesTo,location));

EventTableHelper

public class EventTableHelper extends SQLiteOpenHelper {


    private static final String TABLE = "event";
    private static final String KEY_ID = "id";
    private static final String KEY_TITLE = "title";
    private static final String KEY_LOCATION = "location";
    private static final String KEY_DAY_OF_WEEK = "dayofweek";
    private static final String KEY_TOTAL_MINUTES_FROM = "totalminutesfrom";
    private static final String KEY_TOTAL_MINUTES_TO = "totalminutesto";



    public EventTableHelper(Context context) {
        super(context, Constants.DATABASE_NAME, null, Constants.DATABASE_VERSION);
        //3rd argument to be passed is CursorFactory instance
    }

    // Creating Tables
    @Override
    public void onCreate(SQLiteDatabase db) {
        //createTable(db);
    }

    public void createTable(SQLiteDatabase db){
        String CREATE_EVENTS_TABLE = "CREATE TABLE " + TABLE + "("
                + KEY_ID + " INTEGER PRIMARY KEY," + KEY_TITLE + " TEXT,"
                + KEY_DAY_OF_WEEK +"TEXT" + KEY_TOTAL_MINUTES_FROM +"INTEGER"
                + KEY_TOTAL_MINUTES_TO + "INTEGER" +  KEY_LOCATION + "TEXT" +  ")";

        db.execSQL(CREATE_EVENTS_TABLE);

    }
    // Upgrading database
    @Override
    public void onUpgrade(SQLiteDatabase db, int oldVersion, int newVersion) {
        // Drop older table if existed
       // db.execSQL("DROP TABLE IF EXISTS " + TABLE);

      //  createTable(db);

        // Create tables again
        //onCreate(db);
    }

    // code to add the new contact
    public void addEvent(EventData event) {
        SQLiteDatabase db = this.getWritableDatabase();

        ContentValues values = new ContentValues();
        values.put(KEY_ID, event.getId());
        values.put(KEY_TITLE,event.getTitle()); // Contact Name
        values.put(KEY_DAY_OF_WEEK,event.getDayofWeek());
        values.put(KEY_TOTAL_MINUTES_FROM,event.getFromMinutes());
        values.put(KEY_TOTAL_MINUTES_TO,event.getToMinutes());
        values.put(KEY_LOCATION,event.getLocation());
        // Inserting Row
        db.insert(TABLE, null, values);
        //2nd argument is String containing nullColumnHack
        db.close(); // Closing database connection
    }

    // code to get the single contact
   EventData getEvent(int id) {
        SQLiteDatabase db = this.getReadableDatabase();

        Cursor cursor = db.query(TABLE, new String[] { KEY_ID,
                        KEY_TITLE, KEY_DAY_OF_WEEK, KEY_TOTAL_MINUTES_FROM,KEY_TOTAL_MINUTES_TO,KEY_LOCATION }, KEY_ID + "=?",
                new String[] { String.valueOf(id) }, null, null, null, null);
        if (cursor != null)
            cursor.moveToFirst();
       EventData eventData = new EventData(Integer.parseInt(cursor.getString(0)),cursor.getString(1), cursor.getString(2),
               cursor.getInt(3),cursor.getInt(4),cursor.getString(5));

        return eventData;
    }



    // code to get all contacts in a list view
    public List<EventData> getAllEvents() {
        List<EventData> conList = new ArrayList<EventData>();
        // Select All Query
        String selectQuery = "SELECT  * FROM " + TABLE;

        SQLiteDatabase db = this.getWritableDatabase();
        Cursor cursor = db.rawQuery(selectQuery, null);

        // looping through all rows and adding to list
        if (cursor.moveToFirst()) {
            do {

                EventData event = new EventData();

                event.setId(Integer.parseInt(cursor.getString(0)));
                event.setTitle(cursor.getString(1));
                event.setDayofWeek(cursor.getString(2));
                event.setFromMinutes(cursor.getInt(3));
                event.setToMinutes(cursor.getInt(4));
                event.setLocation(cursor.getString(5));
                // Adding contact to list
                conList.add(event);
            } while (cursor.moveToNext());
        }

        // return contact list
        return conList;
    }
}

How to solve this??

Answer

Your code probably violates primary key’s uniqueness constraint on a KEY_ID field.

Two possible solutions are:

  1. Make sure that your EventData.getId() returns unique values per object. For now, I don’t see you pass any identifier to its constructor and perhaps all the events are inserted with the same id value.
  2. If you don’t care about generating ids by yourself, you can add AUTOINCREMENT setting to your KEY_ID column definition. This way KEY_ID field will be filled automatically and each row will have its own, unique value. Once there, don’t forget to remove adding KEY_ID to ContentValues by yourself.