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String vs StringBuffer. Tip of IDEA

Intellij Idea offers to replace the following:

StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
sb.append("Name=").append(name).append(", name2=").append(name2).append(", list=").append(list);
return sb.toString();


return "name=" + name + ", name2=" + name2 + ", list=" + list;

As far as I know it’s less effective (mutable/immutable). So, what’s better?


The second one compiles to the same byte-code as the first one, except it uses a non-synchronized StringBuilder instead of a synchronized StringBuffer. So it’s not only much more readable, but also slightly faster. I’d choose the second one.

Using a StringBuilder is useful when concatenating in a loop, to avoid creating many temporary String objects:

String result = "";
for (String element : array) {
    result += element;

should be replaced by

StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
for (String element : array) {
String result = builder.toString();