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Reference counting Java

Consider the following java code:

class Person {
    String name;
    int age;

Person p1 = new Person();
Person p2 = new Person();
Person p3 = p2;
p3 = p1;

How many total objects and reference variables are created here? Is name created even though it was never instantiated? 2 Objects are created but are there 3 or 5 reference variables?



2 objects are initialised, p1 and p2. String name will default to null but has a reference, so 2 references, one per instantiation of Person. int is a primitive and will default to 0, nothing objecty going on here. p3 is a reference. The last line is assignment, nothing created here.

The answer is 5.

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