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Java code to Convert JSON into a Map with specific fields as Key and values

I have a JSON as follows

[
    {
        "a": "John",
        "id": "6",
        "c": "val1"
    },
    {
        "a": "Jack",
        "id": "6",
        "c": "val2"            
    },
    {
        "a": "Joe",
        "id": "6",
        "c": "val3"
    }
]

I need to convert it into a Map<String, String> such that the values of the fields ‘a’ become the key and the values of the fields ‘c’ become the value in the Map.

In other words, my Map should look like the below:

John:val1
Jack:val2
Joe:val3

What is the shortest way to do this?

Also, I was wondering if in any way RestAssured GPath can be leveraged here

Something like this –

new JsonPath(jsonPayload).getString("findAll { json -> json.id == '6' }.a");

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Answer

You can use jackson for example:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
    <artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>
    <version>2.13.2.2</version>
</dependency>

I would create a wrapper for the resulting Map and a custom deserializer.

@JsonDeserialize(using = MapWrapperDeserializer.class)
public class MapWrapper {

  private final Map<String, String> map;

  public MapWrapper(Map<String, String> map) {
    this.map = map;
  }

  public Map<String, String> getMap() {
    return this.map;
  }
}

The deserializer:

public class MapWrapperDeserializer extends StdDeserializer<MapWrapper> {

  public MapWrapperDeserializer() {
    super(MapWrapper.class);
  }

  @Override
  public MapWrapper deserialize(JsonParser parser, DeserializationContext context) throws IOException {
    JsonNode array = parser.getCodec().readTree(parser);
    int size = array.size();
    Map<String, String> map = new LinkedHashMap<>(size);
    for (JsonNode element : array) {
      String key = element.get("a").asText();
      String value = element.get("c").asText();
      map.put(key, value);
    }
    return new MapWrapper(map);
  }
}

A simple test:

public class Temp {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
    InputStream dataStream = getInputStreamOrJsonString();
    MapWrapper wrapper = mapper.readValue(dataStream, MapWrapper.class);
    System.out.println(wrapper.getMap());
  }
}
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