increasing code performance of codility



today i heard about this website called codility where a user can give various programming test to check their code’s performance.

When I started, they presented me with this sample test,

Task description A small frog wants to get to the other side of the road. The frog is currently located at position X and wants to get to a position greater than or equal to Y. The small frog always jumps a fixed distance, D. Count the minimal number of jumps that the small frog must perform to reach its target.

Write a function: class Solution { public int solution(int X, int Y, int D); } that, given three integers X, Y and D, returns the minimal number of jumps from position X to a position equal to or greater than Y.

For example, given:
X = 10
Y = 85
D = 30 the function should return 3, because the frog will be positioned as follows:

after the first jump, at position 10 + 30 = 40

after the second jump, at position 10 + 30 + 30 = 70

after the third jump, at position 10 + 30 + 30 + 30 = 100

Assume that: X, Y and D are integers within the range

[1..1,000,000,000]; X ≤ Y. Complexity: expected worst-case time

complexity is O(1); expected worst-case space complexity is O(1).

The question was pretty straight forward and it took me like 2 minutes to write the solution, which is following,

class Solution {
    public int solution(int X, int Y, int D) {

        int p = 0;
        while (X < Y){
            p++;
            X = X + D;
        }
    return p;
    }
}

However, the test result shows that the performance of my code is just 20% and I scored just 55%,

enter image description here

Here is the link to result, https://codility.com/demo/results/demo66WP2H-K25/

That was so simple code, where I have just used a single while loop, how could it possibly be make much faster ?

Answer

Basic math:

X + nD >= Y
nD >= Y - X
n >= (Y - X) / D

The minimum value for n will be the result of rounding up the division of (Y – X) by D.

Big O analysis for this operation:

  • Complexity: O(1). It’s a difference, a division and a round up
  • Worst-case space complexity is O(1): you can have at most 3 more variables:
    • Difference for Y – X, let’s assign this into Z.
    • Division between Z by D, let’s assign this into E.
    • Rounding E up, let’s assign this into R (from result).


Source: stackoverflow