Different database servers use different ways to quote and escape identifiers.
E.g. “foo bar” vs `foo bar` vs [foo bar], or “10””” vs “10””, or identifiers such as FooBar or array need to be quoted for some databases but not for others.
Is there any API method that performs the quoting/escaping correctly for a given database connection? Or any alternative solution?
I think the answer to your question is that if you are writing a database neutral application using JDBC, then you need to use database neutral names, and not things that require special escaping per database vendor.
There is nothing I know of in the JDBC which supports that. A ORM product will deal with such things.
Edit: If you are writing an ORM, then I would think need a seperate SQL generation class for each supported database, just to handle the various syntax involved, so you would have to write that. You can certainly look at the source code of the various open source ORM’s out there and see how they handle it.