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How to load public certificate from pem file?

I was trying to extract RES public key from the file below

-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
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
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

Here is the code i did..

public static PublicKey loadPublicKeyFromFile(File publicKeyFile) throws Exception {

    FileReader file = new FileReader(publicKeyFile);
    PemReader reader = new PemReader(file);
    X509EncodedKeySpec caKeySpec = new X509EncodedKeySpec(reader.readPemObject().getContent());
    KeyFactory kf = KeyFactory.getInstance("RSA");
    PublicKey caKey = kf.generatePublic(caKeySpec);
    return caKey;
}

But It throws out

java.security.InvalidKeyException: IOException: ObjectIdentifier() — data isn’t an object ID

What’s the appropriate way to extract RES Public key from a file..

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Answer

An X.509 certificate and an X509EncodedKeySpec are quite different structures, and trying to parse a cert as a key won’t work. Java’s X509EncodedKeySpec is actually SubjectPublicKeyInfo from X.509 or equivalent and more convenient PKIX also linked from Key, which is only a small part of a certificate.

What you need to do is read and parse the cert and then extract the pubkey from the cert. Standard SunJCE CertificateFactory can do it (and can read either PEM or DER to boot) like this:

CertificateFactory fact = CertificateFactory.getInstance("X.509");
FileInputStream is = new FileInputStream (args[0]);
X509Certificate cer = (X509Certificate) fact.generateCertificate(is);
PublicKey key = cer.getPublicKey();
is.close();
// add error handling as appropriate, try-with-resources is often good

If you have BouncyCastle you can use its provider the same way (just add a second argument to .getInstance or set the default provider list order), or you can use PEMParser with JcaX509CertificateConverter — which effectively does the same thing, internally running the data through a CertificateFactory.

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