How do I find out if first character of a string is a number?



In Java is there a way to find out if first character of a string is a number?

One way is

string.startsWith("1")

and do the above all the way till 9, but that seems very inefficient.

Answer

Character.isDigit(string.charAt(0))

Note that this will allow any Unicode digit, not just 0-9. You might prefer:

char c = string.charAt(0);
isDigit = (c >= '0' && c <= '9');

Or the slower regex solutions:

s.substring(0, 1).matches("\d")
// or the equivalent
s.substring(0, 1).matches("[0-9]")

However, with any of these methods, you must first be sure that the string isn’t empty. If it is, charAt(0) and substring(0, 1) will throw a StringIndexOutOfBoundsException. startsWith does not have this problem.

To make the entire condition one line and avoid length checks, you can alter the regexes to the following:

s.matches("\d.*")
// or the equivalent
s.matches("[0-9].*")

If the condition does not appear in a tight loop in your program, the small performance hit for using regular expressions is not likely to be noticeable.



Source: stackoverflow