Hibernate : self join confusion?

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I have a category table.In which first 5 are main category and others are sub category.

enter image description here

I need to fetch the sub categories of first 5 main category so i have found the sql query

SELECT m.category_id,m.category_name  AS 'Parent',
      e.category_name AS 'Sub'
FROM category e
INNER JOIN category m ON m.category_id = e.parent_category_id
ORDER BY Parent

The query is joining the same table itself.and am getting the result given below

Result

enter image description here

How can i convert the SQL query to HQL and return the data like above image to user in standard json format ?

FetchSubCategory

import java.io.Serializable;
import java.util.Set;
import javax.persistence.*;

@Entity
@Table(name = "category")
public class FetchSubCategory implements Serializable {

    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

    @Id
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
    @Column(name = "category_id")
    private Integer categoryId;

    @Column(name = "category_name")
    private String categoryName;

    @ManyToOne(cascade = {CascadeType.ALL})
    @JoinColumn(name = "parent_category_id")
    private FetchSubCategory parent;

    @OneToMany(mappedBy = "parent")
    private Set<FetchSubCategory> subCategory;

    public Integer getCategoryId() {
        return categoryId;
    }

    public void setCategoryId(Integer categoryId) {
        this.categoryId = categoryId;
    }

    public String getCategoryName() {
        return categoryName;
    }

    public void setCategoryName(String categoryName) {
        this.categoryName = categoryName;
    }

    public FetchSubCategory getParent() {
        return parent;
    }

    public void setParent(FetchSubCategory parent) {
        this.parent = parent;
    }

    public Set<FetchSubCategory> getSubCategory() {
        return subCategory;
    }

    public void setSubCategory(Set<FetchSubCategory> subCategory) {
        this.subCategory = subCategory;
    }

}

Method

public Set<FetchSubCategory> fetchSubCategory() throws SQLException, ClassNotFoundException, IOException {
        Set<FetchSubCategory> groupList = null;
        try {
            Session session = sessionFactory.getCurrentSession();
            Query query = session.createQuery("SELECT m.categoryName AS 'Parent', e.categoryName AS 'Sub' FROM FetchSubCategory e INNER JOIN FetchSubCategory m ORDER BY Parent");

            groupList = (Set<FetchSubCategory>) query.list();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        return groupList;
    }

Can any one please correct my mistake and tell me how to fetch result like above image?

Answer

This stuff will solve your problem

@Entity
@Table(name = "category")
public class FetchSubCategory implements Serializable {

    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

    @Id
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
    @Column(name = "category_id")
    private Integer categoryId;

    @Column(name = "category_name")
    private String categoryName;

    @NotFound(action = NotFoundAction.IGNORE)
    @ManyToOne
    @JsonIgnore
    @JoinColumn(name = "parent_category_id")
    private FetchSubCategory mainCategory;

    @JsonSerialize(include = JsonSerialize.Inclusion.NON_EMPTY)//Avoiding empty json arrays.objects
    @OneToMany(mappedBy = "mainCategory", fetch = FetchType.EAGER)
    private List<FetchSubCategory> subCategory;

    public Integer getCategoryId() {
        return categoryId;
    }

    public void setCategoryId(Integer categoryId) {
        this.categoryId = categoryId;
    }

    public String getCategoryName() {
        return categoryName;
    }

    public void setCategoryName(String categoryName) {
        this.categoryName = categoryName;
    }

    public FetchSubCategory getMainCategory() {
        return mainCategory;
    }

    public void setMainCategory(FetchSubCategory mainCategory) {
        this.mainCategory = mainCategory;
    }

    public List<FetchSubCategory> getSubCategory() {
        return subCategory;
    }

    public void setSubCategory(List<FetchSubCategory> subCategory) {
        this.subCategory = subCategory;
    }

Get your sub categories

public List<FetchSubCategory> fetchSubCategory() throws SQLException, ClassNotFoundException, IOException {
        List<FetchSubCategory> groupList = null;
        try {
            Session session = sessionFactory.getCurrentSession();
            Query query = session.createQuery("select distinct e FROM FetchSubCategory e INNER JOIN e.subCategory m ORDER BY m.mainCategory");
            groupList = query.list();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        return groupList;
    }


Source: stackoverflow