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Cannot invoke “org.openqa.selenium.WebElement.click()” because “this.hotelsLink” is null Maven

I try to do some tests using Selenium, but I can’t test what I do

HomePage.java

package PageObject;

import net.serenitybdd.core.annotations.findby.FindBy;
import net.thucydides.core.annotations.DefaultUrl;
import net.thucydides.core.pages.PageObject;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;

@DefaultUrl("page:homepage")
public class Homepage extends PageObject {
      //Menu
    @FindBy(xpath = "//*[@id="fadein"]/header/div[2]/div/div/div/div/div[2]/nav/ul/li[1]/a")
    WebElement homeLInks;
    @FindBy(xpath="//a[@title='Hotels']//span[text()='Hotels   ']")
    WebElement hotelsLink;

    @FindBy(xpath="//a[@title='Travelstart']//span[text()='Flights  ']")
    WebElement flightsLink;

    @FindBy(xpath="//a[@title='Tours']//span[text()='Tours    ']")
    WebElement toursLink;

    @FindBy(xpath="//a[@title='Cars']//span[text()='Cars     ']")
    WebElement carsLink;

    @FindBy(xpath="//a[@title='Offers']//span[text()='Offers   ']")
    WebElement offersLink;

    @FindBy(xpath="//a[@title='Ivisa']//span[text()='c']")
    WebElement visaLink;

   public void checkLink(){
        hotelsLink.click();
    }
}

Hooks.java

import PageObject.Homepage;
import io.github.bonigarcia.wdm.WebDriverManager;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;

import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

public class Hooks {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        WebDriverManager.chromedriver().setup();
        ChromeDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();
        driver.manage().window().maximize();
        System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver","chromedriver");
        driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(5, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
        driver.get("https://phptravels.net/");

       Homepage homepage = new Homepage();
       homepage.checkLink();
    }
}

Error:

SLF4J: Failed to load class “org.slf4j.impl.StaticLoggerBinder”. SLF4J: Defaulting to no-operation (NOP) logger implementation SLF4J: See http://www.slf4j.org/codes.html#StaticLoggerBinder for further details. Starting ChromeDriver 101.0.4951.41 (93c720db8323b3ec10d056025ab95c23a31997c9-refs/branch-heads/4951@{#904}) on port 38072 Only local connections are allowed. Please see https://chromedriver.chromium.org/security-considerations for suggestions on keeping ChromeDriver safe. ChromeDriver was started successfully. Apr 27, 2022 2:46:27 PM org.openqa.selenium.remote.ProtocolHandshake createSession INFO: Detected dialect: W3C Apr 27, 2022 2:46:27 PM org.openqa.selenium.devtools.CdpVersionFinder findNearestMatch WARNING: Unable to find an exact match for CDP version 101, so returning the closest version found: 99 Apr 27, 2022 2:46:27 PM org.openqa.selenium.devtools.CdpVersionFinder findNearestMatch INFO: Found CDP implementation for version 101 of 99 Exception in thread “main” java.lang.NullPointerException: Cannot invoke “org.openqa.selenium.WebElement.click()” because “this.hotelsLink” is null at PageObject.Homepage.checkCookie(Homepage.java:73) at Hooks.main(Hooks.java:19)

Answer

I could see the following issues:

  1. It seems you didn’t pass driver instance to HomePage?

  2. This line is not needed – System.setProperty(“webdriver.chrome.driver”,”chromedriver”);

  3. The hotelsLink locator seems incorrect.

    package PageObject;
    
    import net.serenitybdd.core.annotations.findby.FindBy;
    import net.thucydides.core.annotations.DefaultUrl;
    import net.thucydides.core.pages.PageObject;
    import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
    
    @DefaultUrl("page:homepage")
    public class Homepage extends PageObject {
       //Menu
     @FindBy(xpath = "//*[@id="fadein"]/header/div[2]/div/div/div/div/div[2]/nav/ul/li[1]/a")
     WebElement homeLInks;
     @FindBy(xpath="//span[contains(.,'Hotels')]")
     WebElement hotelsLink;
     @FindBy(xpath="//a[@title='Travelstart']//span[text()='Flights  ']")
     WebElement flightsLink;
    
     @FindBy(xpath="//a[@title='Tours']//span[text()='Tours    ']")
     WebElement toursLink;
    
     @FindBy(xpath="//a[@title='Cars']//span[text()='Cars     ']")
     WebElement carsLink;
    
     @FindBy(xpath="//a[@title='Offers']//span[text()='Offers   ']")
     WebElement offersLink;
    
     @FindBy(xpath="//a[@title='Ivisa']//span[text()='c']")
     WebElement visaLink;
    
    public Homepage(WebDriver driver) {
        super(driver);//In case you want to pass the driver instance to super class
        PageFactory.initElements(driver,this);
    }
    
    public void checkLink(){
         hotelsLink.click();
     }
    

    }

Hooks.java

import PageObject.Homepage;
import io.github.bonigarcia.wdm.WebDriverManager;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;

import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

public class Hooks {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        WebDriverManager.chromedriver().setup();
        ChromeDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();
        driver.manage().window().maximize();
        driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(5, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
        driver.get("https://phptravels.net/");

       Homepage homepage = new Homepage(driver);
       homepage.checkLink();
    }
}

Execution Result: I made the above changes and its working fine for me. (Note: I have removed PageObjects class and some Serenity imports as you didn’t share them) enter image description here

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